Regions/countries/states/jurisdictions covered

ACT (Aus) (3) Africa (37) Alberta (5) Angola (3) Arkansas (6) Asia (1) Australia (50) Austria (6) Azerbaijan (1) Belgium (1) Benin (2) Bermuda (3) Botswana (6) Brazil (1) British Columbia (7) Burkina Faso (1) Burundi (1) California (5) Cambodia (1) Cameroon (1) Canada (119) China (3) Colorado (2) Congo (1) Czech Republic (1) Delaware (1) Denmark (10) Egypt (4) Europe (3) Fiji (1) Finland (7) Florida (7) France (10) Georgia (US) (4) Germany (15) Ghana (1) Guinea (5) Guinea-Bissau (3) Guyana (1) Idaho (2) Illinois (5) India (3) Indiana (1) Iowa (7) Ireland (3) Italy (1) Jamaica (1) Kansas (3) Kentucky (2) Kenya (4) Kyrgyzstan (1) Laos (1) Latin America (1) Lesotho (1) Louisiana (2) Maine (2) Malawi (2) Mali (3) Malta (2) Manitoba (8) Maryland (3) Michigan (12) Minnesota (1) Mississippi (2) MIssouri (4) Montana (1) Mozambique (2) Nebraska (3) Netherlands (3) New Hampshire (1) New Jersey (2) New Mexico (2) New South Wales (2) New York (11) New Zealand (17) Niger (3) Nigeria (3) North Carolina (3) Norway (10) Nova Scotia (1) NSW (Aus) (3) Ohio (5) Oklahoma (2) Ontario (55) Oregon (1) Papua New Guinea (1) Pennsylvania (3) Qatar (1) Quebec (7) Queensland (Aus) (1) Rwanda (2) Saskatchewan (4) Scotland (5) Senegal (2) Sierra Leone (4) Singapore (6) South Africa (6) South Australia (14) South Carolina (4) South Dakota (2) South Korea (3) Spain (1) Swaziland (1) Sweden (20) Switzerland (10) Tanzania (3) Tennessee (4) Texas (7) Togo (5) UAE (1) Uganda (18) UK (38) Ukbekistan (1) Ukraine (1) USA (149) Vermont (1) Victoria (Aus) (14) Virginia (2) Washington (State) (2) Western Australia (5) Wisconsin (3) Zimbabwe (5)

Wednesday 3 June 2009

New Zealand: 'HIV predator' may make legal history

A 40 year-old gay man in New Zealand whom the media have named the 'HIV predator' (interestly this moniker was created by the gay media and since he currently has interim name suppression, this stigmatising phrase continues to be used by all who write about him) is the first to be charged solely under section 201 of the Crimes Act 1961 - wilfully and without lawful justification or excuse causing or producing a sickness or disease.

In other words: intentional HIV transmission, a charge that has never been proven in any court in the world when HIV transmission occurred via consensual sex.

According to an article in, the last person to be charged under this law, which carries a maximum 14 year sentence, was Peter Mwai, but he was also charged with causing reckless grievious bodily harm, with a maximum seven year sentence, as well as causing criminal nuisance. The judge found that Mr Mwai could not be found guilty of wilfully causing disease.

The question the judge asked: Did Mwai want, desire or intend the complainant to be infected? Answer: No. In the judge's opinion, all that Mwai wanted, desired, intended was sex. HIV transmission may have been the probable consequence of having unprotected sex but it was not a consequence Mwai desired. What helped the judge come to this conclusion was evidence that showed on all occasions and with all sexual partners there was mutual attraction, one thing led to another and what emerged was consensual sexual activity which became unprotected sexual intercourse. Although evidence showed Mwai was sometimes deceptive, no evidence showed sadistic or predatory tendencies or a want to infect.
However, Mr Mwai was found guilty of reckless GBH and sentenced to seven years in prison. The article then spells out what needs to proved with the current case.
The offence the man in custody is charged with requires the prosecution to prove beyond reasonable doubt that the man wilfully (wanted, desired) to cause a disease or sickness...The man in police custody is charged with an offence that is yet to be successfully prosecuted in New Zealand. If the charge goes to a jury, it will be the first time a New Zealand jury has considered a charge of wilfully causing a disease or sickness. If he is convicted, he will be the first person in New Zealand to be convicted of wilfully causing a disease or sickness in another person.


Anonymous said...

Govt considers law change over HIV case
- Hide quoted text -

Sign this petition or email your support to – help get the NZ government to listen and consider a law change!!!!!

NZ courts say if a condom is used a HIV positive person dose not have to tell a sexual partner he/she is HIV positive. This has raised questions about moral obligations. NZ courts have decided that a HIV positive person can have sex with whoever they like if they use protection and that the risk of getting infected is not a choice for us to make!! The current lack of Law means we do not have to be told we are at risk of contracting a deadly infection.
New Zealand had 227 new cases last year - the highest number of infections on record.

By signing this petition you support a law change that would make it mandatory for HIV positive people to disclose HIV status to any potential sexual partner.

Please add your name below and CC to while forwarding to everyone you know.

Edwin J Bernard said...

I wonder if Anonymous actually reads this blog. If so, they would know that laws that mandate disclosure are discriminatory and ineffective. The majority of HIV transmission occurs from people who are, as yet, undiagnosed - and so how can they disclose? You don't need to be told that you "are at risk of a contracting a deadly infection" - you need to accept that risk every time you have sex. And if you don't trust condoms to protect you, then you shouldn't have sex.

Just Bentley said...

Well, at least the first judge got it right. I wish I could hold out as much hope for a jury.
As Anonymous has demonstrated, the public tend to be sheepish. They want a big, strong, governmental shepherd to protect them from all of those bad old ol' Pozzies.
Good thing we got quarantining off the table before they found the test. Otherwise there'd be a lot of dead Mo's in the North Dakota badlands.


Is this blog useful? Let me know

If you find this blog useful, please let me know, and if you find it really useful, please also consider making a small donation.

Thank you.

(Clicking on the Donate button above will take you to Paypal.)